strain

strain
strain1 [strān]
vt.
[ME streinen < OFr estraindre, to strain, wring hard < L stringere, to draw tight: see STRICT]
1. to draw or stretch tight
2. to exert, use, or tax to the utmost [to strain every nerve]
3. to overtax; injure by overexertion; wrench [to strain a muscle]
4. to injure or weaken by force, pressure, etc. [the wind strained the roof]
5. to stretch or force beyond the normal, customary, or legitimate limits [to strain a rule to one's own advantage]
6. to change the form or size of, by applying external force
7.
a) to pass through a screen, sieve, filter, etc.; filter
b) to remove or free by filtration, etc.
8. to hug or embrace: now only in strain to one's bosom (or heart, etc.)
9. Obs. to force; constrain
vi.
1. to make violent or continual efforts; strive hard
2. to be or become strained
3. to be subjected to great stress or pressure
4. to pull or push with force
5. to filter, ooze, or trickle
6. [from a misunderstanding of “strain at a gnat” (Matt. 23:24)] to hesitate or be unwilling; balk ( at)
n.
1. a straining or being strained
2. great effort, exertion, or tension
3. an injury to a part of the body as a result of great effort or overexertion [muscle strain]
4.
a) change in form or size, or both, resulting from stress or force
b) stress or force
5. a great or excessive demand on one's emotions, resources, etc. [a strain on the imagination]
strain2 [strān]
n.
[ME stren < OE streon, gain, procreation, stock, race < base strynan, streonan, to produce: for IE base see STREW]
1. Obs.
a) a begetting
b) offspring
2. ancestry; lineage; descent
3. the descendants of a common ancestor; race; stock; line; breed; variety
4. an inherited or natural characteristic or tendency
5. a trace; streak
6. the manner, style, or tone of a speech, book, action, etc. [to write in an angry strain]
7. [often pl.] a passage of music; tune; air
8. a passage of poetry, esp. of a lyric sort
9. a flight or outburst of eloquence, profanity, etc.
10. Taxonomy Genetics a line of individuals of a certain species or race, differentiated from the main group by certain qualities, often, specif., superior qualities resulting from artificial breeding

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • Strain — can refer to: * Strain (biology), a variant of a plant, virus or bacterium; or an inbred animal used for experimental purposes * Strain (chemistry), a chemical stress of a molecule * Strain (continuum mechanics), the deformation of materials… …   Wikipedia

  • Strain — Strain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Strained}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Straining}.] [OF. estraindre, estreindre, F. [ e]treindre, L. stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Gr. ? a halter, ? that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to E. strike …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • străin — STRĂÍN, Ă, străini, e, adj., s.m. şi f. (Persoană) care face parte din populaţia altei ţări decât aceea în care se află sau trăieşte; (om, fiinţă) care este originară din altă regiune, localitate etc. decât aceea în care se află sau locuieşte,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Strain — Strain, n. 1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight with a strain; the strain upon a ship …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • strain# — strain n 1 *variety, subspecies, race, breed, cultivar, clone, stock 2 streak, vein, *touch, suggestion, suspicion, soupçon, tincture, tinge, shade, smack, spice, dash strain vb 1 sprain (see under STRAIN n 2) *demur, scruple, balk, jib, shy,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • strain — [n1] pain, due to exertion ache, anxiety, bruise, brunt, burden, constriction, effort, endeavor, exertion, force, injury, jerk, pressure, pull, sprain, stress, stretch, struggle, tautness, tension, tensity, twist, wrench; concept 728 Ant. health …   New thesaurus

  • Strain — Strain, n. [See {Strene}.] 1. Race; stock; generation; descent; family. [1913 Webster] He is of a noble strain. Shak. [1913 Webster] With animals and plants a cross between different varieties, or between individuals of the same variety but of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — ストレイン (Sutorein) Type Seinen Genre Action Thèmes Crime Manga Auteurs Buronson (scénario) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Strain — (str[=a]n), v. i. 1. To make violent efforts. Straining with too weak a wing. Pope. [1913 Webster] To build his fortune I will strain a little. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through a sandy soil. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — bezeichnet: die US amerikanische Schauspielerin Julie Strain den Manga Strain (Manga) von Ryoichi Ikegami Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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